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Actitud de las madres en el cumplimiento del calendario de vacunación de niños menores de 6 años

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Author(s): Mariana Boscan | Belén Salinas | Maria Luisa Trestini | Maria Tomat

Journal: Salus Online
ISSN 1316-7138

Volume: 16;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 33;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: attitude | vaccination calendar | compliance

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to determine the attitude of mothers regarding compliance with the vaccination calendar of children less than 6 years of age in the pediatrics hospitalization service at the children hospital Dr. Jorge Lizarraga, in Valencia, Carabobo State. This was a descriptive cross-sectional, non-experimental study. A survey designed by the author was applied, after validation and informed consent to 71 mothers. The data was displayed in graphs and tabulated showing absolute frequencies and percentage. Results indicated that 94.4% of the mothers was aware of the calendar of vaccines; 43.0% denied having seen or heard messages on vaccination in the last month, at the time of the survey; 40.8% did not know the existence of new vaccines. Also, 47.9% had the belief that vaccines would cure diseases in their children. 25.4% had beliefs about false contraindications in the application of vaccines. 56.3% of the mothers were late at complying with the dose of some vaccine; 97.2% thought that more vaccination centers need to be created. In conclusion, it was shown that mothers are aware of the immunizations calendar of their children; also, a lack of information through educational messages and/or programs that the mothers receive was observed, as well as ignorance of the mothers on the existence of new immunizations. Mothers are late at complying with their children’s vaccines. It is necessary to reinforce the educational process on this issue, as well as the promotion of vaccines. Also, more vaccination centers need to be created.

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