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Acute meningoencephalitis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus

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Author(s): Perić-Popadić Aleksandra | Bogić Mirjana | Tomić-Spirić Vesna | Đurić Vojislav | Bolpačić Jasna | Milošević Branko | Spasić Sanja | Rašković Sanvila

Journal: Vojnosanitetski Pregled
ISSN 0042-8450

Volume: 70;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 688;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: lupus erythematosus | systemic | central nervous system | infections | meningoencephalitis | immunosuppression

ABSTRACT
Introduction. Infections in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are a significant factor of morbidity and mortality. Although central nervous system infections, including septic meningitis, are rare in patients with SLE, they can be significant causes of mortality inspite of the prompt and accurate diagnosis and proper management. Case report. We presented a woman with the diagnosis of SLE and diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis. Because of disease activity we introduced cytostatic immunosuppressive therapy, cyclophosphamide and then azathioprine. Meningoencephalitis, staphylococcal sepsis and abscess of the brain, with resulting seizures developed. Conclusion. This case alerts to the need of careful examination of patients with SLE, collection of adequate cultures and evaluation of predisposition towards ifnections, before the introduction of immunosuppressants due to potentially fatal infection.

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