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Age and sex dependencies of anxiety and depression in cardiologic patients compared with the general population

Author(s): Hinz, Andreas | Kittel, Jörg | Karoff, Marthin | Schwarz, Reinhold

Journal: Psycho-Social-Medicine
ISSN 1614-2934

Volume: 1;
Start page: Doc09;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: anxiety | depression | cardiology | age | sex

Objective: The aim of this study was to test age and sex effects on anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS.Method: Sample 1 consisted of 2037 subjects of the German general population, and sample 2 comprised 2696 cardiologic patients.Results: In the group of the general population we observed a linear increase of depression and (to a lower extent) of anxiety with age. In contrast to that, the patients reached their anxiety and depression maxima in the range of 50 to 60 years, with decreasing mean values for older patients. This effect was observed in both sexes and was proved by an ANOVA interaction between age category and population (P
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