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Analysis of short circuit transfer behavior using acoustic signal detection

Author(s): Eakkachai Warinsiriruk | Bovornchock Poopat

Journal: Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
ISSN 0125-3395

Volume: 35;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 333;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: GMAW | short-circuit transfer | shielding gas compositions | liquid bridge disruption period | continuous wavelet transformation

The stability of a short circuiting period is important to obtain the desired weld quality. The objective of this research is to analyze the uniformity of liquid bridge disruption period during short circuit mode affected by various shielding gas compositions. The shielding gas compositions of 100% CO2 and 84%Ar+2%O2+14%CO2 were used in this study. Short circuiting period was detected by using acoustic signals emitting from the arc. Acoustic data were recorded by using multimedia function of XP windows audio card through a high sensitivity microphone. The results of short circuit acoustic data were analyzed by using continuous wavelet transformation for classifying the difference of acoustic emitting mechanism of electrode tip touching with base metal and pinching cut-off. For 84%Ar+2%O2+14%CO2 shielding gas, it clearly showed smoothershort circuit transfer than that of CO2 shielding gas. CO2 shielding gas gave large variation in disruption period comparing with that of 84%Ar+2%O2+14%CO2 gas mixture.
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