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Anemia in Type 2 diabetes-Its occurance and relashionship with duration of diabetes: A pilot study

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Author(s): Lingaraj Jayalakshmi | Komala Sampath Damodar | Shankarappa Chikkanna

Journal: Electronic Physician
ISSN 2008-5842

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 497;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Diabetes | Anemia | Duration | Occurrence | India

ABSTRACT
Introduction: In India most diabetic patients are not investigated for anemia until appearance of clinical features ofrenal involvement. Also reports on relationship of duration of diabetes on the occurrence of anemia are scarce. Theaims of this study were to compare the occurrence of anemia in diabetics without overt features of renal pathologywith non-diabetics and to analyze the effect of duration of diabetes on severity of anemia.Methods: Total 398 subjects with 205 diabetics (125 males and 80 females) and 193 (113 males and 80 females)non diabetics with controlled blood glucose, normal urea, creatinine reports, with or without hypertension wereincluded. Duration of diabetes was noted. Haemoglobin was estimated by cyanmethemoglobin method.Results: The frequency of occurrence of anemia was 46 % and 52.5 % in diabetic males and females respectively.Hemoglobin levels in males were 12.6 and 13.8 g/dl (p=0.05). The earliest duration of diabetes which could affect hemoglobinsignificantly was 4 years in males and 8 years in females.Conclusion: Screening for anemia in diabetics at least after 4 years of diabetes even without clinical features ofrenal insufficiency may improve the quality of life and moderate the progression of microvascular complications.

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