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Anthropometric study of the facial index in the population of central Serbia

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Author(s): Jeremić D. | Kocić Sanja | Vulović Maja | Sazdanović Maja | Sazdanović P. | Jovanović B. | Jovanović J. | Milanović Z. | Đonović Nela | Simović Aleksandra | Parezanović-Ilić Katarina | Maliković A. | Toševski J. | Živanović-Mačužić Ivana

Journal: Archives of Biological Sciences
ISSN 0354-4664

Volume: 65;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 1163;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: anthropometry | facial height | facial breadth | facial index | facial phenotype

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to determine the craniofacial parameters in the population of the central part of Serbia. The research was conducted on 700 persons (360 males and 340 females), aged 18-65 years, selected randomly. The measured parameters were morphological facial height and breadth. The standard spreading caliper with scale was used for the measurement of facial parameters. There were significant differences in the facial parameters of male compared to female subjects in all observed parameters. The mean value of the morphological facial height in the study population was 116.8 mm ± 7.28, maximum facial breadth 124.12 mm ± 8.44, while the mean value of the total facial index was 93.68 ± 6.86. The total facial index was calculated according to the formula and the obtained results were analyzed statistically using the t-test. The dominant phenotype in the studied population was leptoprosopic. The data obtained in our study may be useful in anthropological research, forensics, genetic research, as well as in medical clinical practice.
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