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Application of desirability function for optimizing the performance characteristics of carbonitrided bushes

Author(s): Boby John

Journal: International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations
ISSN 1923-2926

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 305;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Powder Metallurgy | Carbonitriding | Multiple Response Optimisation Desirability Function | Design of Experiments | Analysis of Variance

The performance of a product is generally characterized by more than one response variable. Hence the management often faces the problem of simultaneous optimization of many response variables. This study was undertaken to simultaneously optimize the surface hardness and case depth of carbonitrided bushes. Even though lots of literature has been published on various methodologies for tackling the multi-response optimization problem, the simultaneous optimization of heat treated properties of carbonitrided bushes are not reported yet. In this research the effect of four factors and two interactions on surface hardness and case depth of carbontirded bushes were studied using design of experiments. Based on the experimental results, the expected values of the heat treated properties of the bushes were estimated for all possible combination of factors. Then the best combination which, simultaneously optimized the response variables, was arrived at using desirability function. The study showed that the optimum combination obtained through desirability function approach not only minimized the variation around the targets of surface hardness and case depth but also was superior to the ones obtained by optimizing the response variables separately. Moreover this study provides a useful and effective approach to design the production process to manufacture bushes with customer specified surface hardness and case depth targets.

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