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Aptamer-targeted cell-specific RNA interference

Author(s): Zhou Jiehua | Rossi John J

Journal: Silence
ISSN 1758-907X

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 4;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Abstract This potent ability of small interfering (si)RNAs to inhibit the expression of complementary RNA transcripts is being exploited as a new class of therapeutics for a variety of diseases. However, the efficient and safe delivery of siRNAs into specific cell populations is still the principal challenge in the clinical development of RNAi therapeutics. With the increasing enthusiasm for developing targeted delivery vehicles, nucleic acid-based aptamers targeting cell surface proteins are being explored as promising delivery vehicles to target a distinct disease or tissue in a cell-type-specific manner. The aptamer-based delivery of siRNAs can often enhance the therapeutic efficacy and reduce the unwanted off-target effects of siRNAs. In particular, for RNA interference-based therapeutics, aptamers represent an efficient agent for cell type-specific, systemic delivery of these oligonucleotides. In this review, we summarize recent attractive developments in creatively using cell-internalizing aptamers to deliver siRNAs to target cells. The optimization and improvement of aptamer-targeted siRNAs for clinical translation are further highlighted.
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