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Arab Popular Uprisings Or the Arab incoming to political modernity

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Author(s): Burhan Ghalioun

Journal: Middle East Studies
ISSN 2109-9618

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Arab world | revolution | democracy | civil society | modernity

ABSTRACT
Through more than a century and a half, the Arabs have been undoubtedly able to achieve an intellectual and cultural renaissance. They have led staunch national liberation wars, and they are still leading others in Palestine and elsewhere. They have built states or rather the structures of modern states still standing on their socles despite the interior and exterior violent tremors they have faced. They have started agricultural, industrial and scientific transformations not much different from what did other nations. Yet, they failed on the level of the entire Arab world as well as on the level of each country separately, in building a modern nation, in the sense of a united interactive and cohesive political group whose members are linked by the bond of citizenship, a common desire to live together and the affirmation of human dignity that cannot uphold today without true equality and intellectual and political freedom endorsement, which is the basis of participation in the national community, with its sense of responsibility, the exercise of citizenship rights, and the ambition to a proactive participation in the current civilization and its humanitarian values.

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