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Assessment of genetic variability among Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini isolates based on pathogenicity and RAPD markers

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Author(s): SANGEETA MEHTA, V.K. GAUR*, R.A. SHARMA and JAGDISH PRASAD

Journal: Indian Phytopathology
ISSN 0367-973X

Volume: 65;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 76;
Date: 2012;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Genetic variability among ten isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini, the incitant of wilt of cumin was assessed by using pathogenicity and RAPD markers. Isolates varied in pathogenicity both in sterile and unsterile soil when tested on cumin var. RZ-19. The Bikaner isolate was highly virulent, followed by isolates from Tonk, Nagaur, Barmer, Jalore, Jaisalmer, Sikar, Jodhpur, Ajmer and Jhunjhunu. The wilt incidence (%) in sterile and unsterile soil varied from 23.31 to 95.00 and 18.46 to 80.00, respectively. Isolates were also differentiated in the RAPD banding pattern. The similarity value of RAPD profiles ranged from 0.21 (Sikar and Tonk) to 0.68 (Nagaur and Tonk) with an average of 0.45 ± 0.1 among the isolates. The cluster analysis using un-weighted pair group method with arithmetic average distinguished Fusarium oxysporum isolates into different fingerprint groups.
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