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Associativismo avant la lettre: as sociedades pela abolição da escravidão no Brasil oitocentista Avant la lettre associational activity: antislavery associations in Brazil of the 19th century

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Author(s): Angela Alonso

Journal: Sociologias
ISSN 1517-4522

Volume: 13;
Issue: 28;
Start page: 166;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Associativismo no Brasil oitocentista | Movimento abolicionista | Oportunidades políticas | Brazilian associational activity in the 19th century | Antislavery Movement | Political opportunities

ABSTRACT
O artigo contesta a tese da tibieza da vida associativa no Brasil oitocentista, tomando como caso as associações formadas em protesto contra a escravidão no Brasil na segunda metade do século XIX. Contra a tese do insolidarismo, o levantamento do número de associações antiescravistas criadas e da heterogeneidade social de seus participantes denota a exuberância do associativismo no Brasil imperial. Adicionalmente, o artigo argumenta que as inflexões de crescimento e declínio do associativismo abolicionista se explicam por variações nas "oportunidades políticas" (Tarrow, 1998).The article challenges the thesis of the weakness of Brazilian associational life in the 1800's, through the analysis of the associations formed in the country to protest against slavery during the second half of the 19th century. Conversely to the thesis of lack of solidarity, the survey on the number of antislavery associations created and on the social heterogeneity of their members shows the exuberance of associational civic activity in Imperial Brazil. In addition, the paper argues that shifts toward expansion or decline of antislavery associational activity can be explained by changes in "political opportunities" (Tarrow, 1998).
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