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Avifaunal inventory of the Amazonian savannas and adjacent habitats of the Monte Alegre region (Pará, Brazil), with comments on biogeography and conservation

Author(s): Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos | Sidnei de Melo Dantas | José Maria Cardoso da Silva

Journal: Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi : Ciências Naturais
ISSN 1981-8114

Volume: 6;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 119;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Avifaunal survey | Amazonian savannas | Biogeography | Natural history | Conservation | Aratinga maculata

Knowledge of the avifaunal composition of Amazonian savannas is important in facilitating a greater understanding of thepatterns of evolution of the regional biota. Despite this, this vegetation type has been poorly sampled in comparison to adjacentrainforest habitats. The aim of this paper is to provide an avifaunal inventory of the savannas and other adjacent habitats ofMonte Alegre, on the left bank of Amazon River, northwestern Pará, Brazil. Our survey is based both on our own fieldworkand on previously-collected specimens deposited in museums. A total of 300 bird species have been recorded in the region.Ninety-four species (31.3%) were restricted to a single habitat type, indicating that habitat heterogeneity is important to theoverall species richness. Despite the fact that the Monte Alegre savannas present typical species restricted to this habitat,several open-country birds that occur in larger savanna areas located on the borders of Amazonia (along the Atlantic coastand close to the ‘cerrado’ boundaries) were not recorded in this area. Although Monte Alegre is species impoverished relativeto other savanna regions in the Amazon basin, the Monte Alegre savannas shelter the Sulfur-breasted Parakeet (Aratingamaculata), a vulnerable species in Pará state that is only known from the Guianan area of endemism (Aleixo et al., 2011). Wealso comment on biogeography, taxonomy, noteworthy records, natural history and conservation of the regional avifauna.
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