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Bioactive Compounds of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) from Several Palm Oil Refineries

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Author(s): Teti Estiasih | Kgs. Ahmadi | Tri Dewanti Widyaningsih | Jaya Mahar Maligan | Ahmad Zaki Mubarok | Elok Zubaidah | Jhauharotul Mukhlisiyyah | Risma Puspitasari

Journal: Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN 2042-4868

Volume: 5;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 1153;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: co-enzyme Q10 | palm fatty acid distillate | palm oil refinery | phytosterol | squalene | tocopherol | tocotrienol

ABSTRACT
This research studied the characteristics of Palm Fatty Acids Distillates (PFADs) from several palm oil refineries. It was aimed to know the potency of PFAD as bioactive compounds source, including vitamin E (mainly tocotrienols), phytosterols, squalene and possibly co-enzyme Q10 and polycosanol. Sampling was conducted at 6 palm oil refineries. The results showed that PFAD was dominated by free fatty acids of 85-95% with low oxidation level indicated by peroxide value of 1-10 meq/kg and anisidin value of 6-31. Bioactive compounds found were vitamin E 60-200 ppm, phytosterols 400-7500 ppm and squalene 400-2800 ppm, meanwhile polycosanol and co-enzyme Q10 were not found. Vitamin E was dominated by tocotrienols and γ tocotrienol was the major vitamin E, followed by α and δ tocotrienols. Phytosterols in PFADs from several palm oil refineries had variety in quantity and composition. Generally it was dominated by &beta sitosterol, followed by stigmasterol and campesterol
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