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A brief medico-socio-demographic profile of non-fatal Road Traffic Accident cases admitted to Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences.

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Author(s): Viren Kaul | Dattatreya Bant | N. D. Bendigeri | Geeta Bhatija

Journal: Scholars' Research Journal
ISSN 0976-8459

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 32;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: road accidents | Medicine | Statistics | Survey

ABSTRACT
A study was conducted in Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences to study the epidemiology of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA). It was a time bound study and the data was collected using a pre-structured questionnaire. India has one of the largest road networks in the world second only to the USA. And though India has only 1% of world’s vehicle population, about 6% of RTAs occur in India1. The study included 82 RTA cases admitted to the hospital. The cases were studied with respect to the various medico-socio-demographic parameters. Almost 80% people were educated and 68% came from a rural background. Less than 40% people had a license while they were driving, with negligible number using helmets and car belts. On the brighter side, extremely few people were under the influence of alcohol (less than 8%). Most commonly observed injuries were fractures (71%), crush injuries (21%), with around 2% people lost their limbs. 43% people did not receive treatment before three hours while only 23% people received first aid. Most importantly, only 21% cases were brought to the hospital by the highway or state police with more than half of the patients being brought by co-passengers or passers-by. The study concluded highlighting the poor state of infrastructure contributing to a high rate of accidents complicated by a deficient trauma response medical service.

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