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c-Ki-ras oncogene amplification and FGF2 signaling pathways in the mouse Y1 adrenocortical cell line

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Author(s): Forti Fábio L. | Costa Érico T. | Rocha Kátia M. | Moraes Miriam S. | Armelin Hugo A.

Journal: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
ISSN 0001-3765

Volume: 78;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 231;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: FGF2 | adrenocortical tumor cells | c-ki-ras | c-h-ras | ERK

ABSTRACT
The mouse Y1 adrenocortical tumor cell line is highly responsive to FGF2-(Fibroblast Growth Factor 2) and possesses amplified and over-expressed c-Ki-ras proto-oncogene. We previously reported that this genetic lesion leads to high constitutive levels of activation of the c-Ki-Ras-GTP->PI3K->Akt signaling pathway (Forti et al. 2002). On the other hand, activation levels of another important pathway downstream of c-Ki-Ras-GTP, namely, Raf->MEK->ERK, remain strictly dependent on FGF2 stimulation (Rocha et al. 2003). Here we show that, first, FGF2 transiently up-regulates the c-Ki-Ras-GTP->PI3K->Akt pathway, in spite of its high basal levels. Second, c-Ki-Ras-GTP transient up-regulation likely underlies activation of the ERK1/2 pathway by FGF2. Third, c-Ki-Ras-GTP high basal levels suppress activation of the c-H-Ras onco-protein. But, Y1 cells, expressing dominant negative mutant RasN17, display a rapid and transient up-regulation of c-H-Ras-GTP upon FGF2 treatment. Elucidation of FGF2-signaling pathways in Y1 tumor cells can uncover new targets for drug development of interest in cancer therapy.
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