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c-Met Mutational Analysis in the Sema and Juxtamembrane Domains in Small-Cell-Lung-Cancer

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Author(s): Itziar de Aguirre | Alejandro Salvatierra | Albert Font | Jose Luis Mate | Maria Perez | Monica Botia | Miquel Taron | Rafael Rosell

Journal: Translational Oncogenomics
ISSN 1177-2727

Volume: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Background: c-Met mutations play a critical role in the development and progression of primary tumors and metastases. Activation of the HGF/SF-c-Met pathway determines a poor prognosis in non-small-cell and small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. Missense mutations of c-Met have been identified in SCLC patients located in the juxtamembrane (JM) and in the Sema domain. To determine the role of the c-Met pathway in SCLC, we have investigated the presence of c-Met mutations in SCLC patients.Patients and methods: Forty-four tumor tissue samples from SCLC patients were obtained with bronchoscopy before beginning treatment. Analysis of c-Met mutations was performed in exon 2 and exon 14.Results: Of the 44 patients included in this study, 23 were classifi ed as limited disease and were treated with sequential or concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic radiotherapy. Twenty-one patients with extensive disease received chemotherapy alone, the majority with cisplatin or carboplatin plus etoposide. The median survival was 14 months (95% CI: 9.4 to 18.5 months) and the 2- and 5-year survival rates were 24% and 15%, respectively. Previously identifi ed missense mutations E168D, R988C and T1010I in c-Met were not found in our study. However, novel mutations were identifi ed, including T995I in the juxtamembrane domain (T995I) and a mutation which does not change amino acid in codon 178 in the Sema domain.Conclusion: In SCLC patients, the presence of mutations in c-Met gene is a rare event. Other genetic alterations involved in the HGF/SF-c-Met pathway should be assessed to defi ne the role of this signaling pathway in SCLC.
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