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Callejones sin salida: dos reconstrucciones de la respuesta al cí­rculo cartesiano / Dead-ends: Two reconstructions of the answer to the Cartesian circle

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Author(s): José Marcos de Teresa

Journal: Signos Filosóficos
ISSN 1665-1324

Volume: XIV;
Issue: 27;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: círculo | Cottingham | Descartes | interpretación | Wilson | circle | interpretation

ABSTRACT
Resumen: En este artículo explico el problema de la circularidad, tradicionalmente achacado a la metafísica cartesiana, destacando la importancia que, según Descartes, reviste esta cuestión. Argumento que las versiones del cartesianismo que ofrecen algunos de los comentarios más populares, utilizados en lengua castellana (los de Margaret Wilson y John Cottingham), resultan incompatibles con las posiciones que Descartes mantiene en una serie de textos. Teorías de ese corte sólo podrían justificarse por su valor filosófico intrínseco, pero también sostengo que ambas reconstrucciones presentan debilidades conceptuales que las llevan al fracaso, sea como pretendida solución, en el caso de Wilson; o bien como intento por desplazar o disolver el problema central, en el caso de Cottingham. Abstract: The problem of logical circularity, which traditionally has been blamed on Cartesian metaphysics, was clearly seen by Descartes himself, who moreover advertised its avoidance (or its solution) as a crucial merit of his own philosophy. On this subject two of the most popular commentaries on Descartes —those of Margaret Wilson and John Cottingham, which are widely used in teaching at least in Spanish— are criticized. Some of the objections I set here against both readings are textual in nature, while other ones hinge, as I argue, on their respective conceptual weaknesses. Wilson’s proposed solution is shown to the botched, while Cottingham is shown to fail in his attempt to dissolve the problem.
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