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Changing drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in Ukraine: evidence from biobehavioral surveys

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Author(s): Dumchev, Kostyantyn | Saliuk, Tetiana | Shvab, Inna | Smyrnov, Pavlo | Vitek, Charles

Journal: Tobacco Control and Public Health in Eastern Europe
ISSN 2222-2693

Volume: 2;
Issue: S1;
Start page: 33;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: HIV | prevalence | IDU | biobehavioral surveys

ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Integrated biobehavioral surveys (IBBS) have been used to evaluate the impact of HIV prevention efforts among most-at-risk groups in Ukraine since 2007. Harm reduction program coverage among injecting-drug users (IDUs) increased substantially from 96,000 in 2008 to 170,000 in 2010 with support from the Global Fund, and IBBS have shown declining HIV prevalence. Aim of the study was to examine the changes in HIV prevalence, drug use patterns and risky behaviors in IDUs on national and city level.METHODS: For this analysis, three IDU-IBBS datasets were combined – 2008 (N=3711), 2009 (N=3962), and 2011 (N=9069). The analysis included 25 cities that participated in either 2008 or 2009, and 2011. Changes in HIV prevalence, drug use, and risk behaviors were compared between 2008/9 and 2011.RESULTS: The surveyed IDU population in 2011 was older than in 2008/9 (31.0 vs. 32.8 years; p
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