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Characterization of a Single Chain Fv Antibody that Reacts with Free Morphine

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Author(s): Miho Matsukizono | Mariko Kamegawa | Koichi Tanaka | Shinya Kohra | Koji Arizono | Yuta Hamazoe | Kazuhisa Sugimura

Journal: Antibodies
ISSN 2073-4468

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 93;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: morphine | narcotic | hapten | single-chain Fv (scFv) | recombinant antibody technology

ABSTRACT
An immune phage library derived from mice, hyperimmunized with morphine-conjugated BSA, was used to isolate a single-chain Fv (scFv) clone, M86, with binding activity to morphine-conjugated thyroglobulin (morphine-C-Tg) but not to codeine-, cocaine-, or ketamine-conjugated Tg. Surface plasmon resonance analysis using a morphine-C-Tg-coupled CM5 sensor chip showed that the Kd value was 1.26 × 10−8 M. To analyze its binding activity to free morphine and related compounds, we performed a competitive ELISA with M86 and morphine-C-Tg in the absence or presence of varying doses of free morphine and related compounds. IC50 values for opium, morphine, codeine, and heroin were 257 ng/mL, 36.4, 7.3, and 7.4 nM, respectively. Ketamine and cocaine exhibited no competitive binding activity to M86. Thus, we established a phage library-derived scFv, M86, which recognized not only free morphine and codeine as opium components but also heroin. This characteristic of M86 may be useful for developing therapeutic reagents for opiate addiction and as a free morphine-specific antibody probe.
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