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Childhood Pneumonia - A never ending, developing world concern

Author(s): Shaikh Hamiz ul Fawwad | Gulrayz Ahmed | Syed Arsalan Ali | Anum Saleem

Journal: El Mednifico Journal
ISSN 2307-7301

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 52;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Acute Respiratory Infections | Developing Countries | Pneumonia | Integrated Management of Child Illness

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the leading cause of death among young children in developing countries. Every year, they affect an estimated 156 million children below the age of five worldwide, of which 151 million children are in the developing world. Pneumonia is responsible for about 19% of all deaths in children aged less than 5 years, of which more than 70% take place in sub-Saharan Africa and south-east Asia with majority of cases occurring in India, China and Pakistan. Causative agents are Streptococcus pneumoniae for community acquired pneumonia, chlamydia and mycoplasma for ages less than 5 years, Mycoplasma pneumoniae in school-going children, Chlamydia trachomatis in infants between two weeks and four months of age and influenza virus and RSV for pre-school age.
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