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Classic Works of Brazil’s New Rural History: Feudalism and the Latifundio in the Interpretations of the Left (1940/1964)

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Author(s): Márcia Maria Menendes Motta

Journal: Historia Crítica
ISSN 0121-1617

Volume: 51;
Start page: 121;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Brazil | 1940-1964 | historiography | peasants | agrarian structure | land reform

ABSTRACT
This article examines the works of two prominent Brazilian writers considered to be the leading exponents of the presence of a feudal system in rural Brazil during the first half of the 20th century. Based on an analysis of the writings of Nelson Werneck Sodré and Alberto Pasos Guimarães, the objective of this work is to identify Sodré and Guimarães main arguments with relation to the historical context in which their works were produced, based on an analysis of their writings. This leads to a discussion around the topics explored by these authors regarding the farmer and the landholding elites, the differences between them, their links to contemporary society, and the readings of the past that legitimated or seemed to legitimate the production of their historic writings.
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