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Common Mental Health Conditions in Primary Care

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Author(s): Fiona Carver | Fiona Jones

Journal: Scottish Universities Medical Journal
ISSN 2049-8454

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: primary care |  psychiatry |  mental health nursing 

ABSTRACT
Common mental health problems particularly depression and anxiety are frequently found in primary care settings. Depression can range from mild to severe but even in less severe cases can cause problems with normal functioning. Anxiety regularly manifests itself with depression but anxiety disorders, of which there are several, are also likely to disrupt normal life. There are several treatments for these conditions both pharmacological and psychological. Severe mental illness (SMI), generally bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, is also managed by primary care health professionals therefore it is essential these professionals are aware of how these conditions may present and the current treatments available. Bipolar disorder, a serious mood disorder, is often under-diagnosed in primary care that has implications for the individual’s care and treatment. People with schizophrenia are often monitored by primary care health professionals although liaison and referral to secondary services is recommended for both these SMIs. A holistic recovery focused approach to care is recommended.

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