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A comparative study on the damage initiation mechanism of elastomeric composites

Author(s): T. Da Silva Botelho | N. Isac | E. Bayraktar

Journal: Archives of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering
ISSN 1689-9210

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 112;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Rubber composites | Finite Element Analysis | Damage mechanism | Static solicitation | Plane stress | Tearing energy

Purpose: Modelling – Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of the damage initiation mechanisms in thin rubber sheet composites were carried out under static solicitation at room temperature. Natural rubber vulcanised and reinforced by carbon, NR is used in this study.Design/methodology/approach: Experimental results were compared with that of the Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Damage mechanism has been described with a threshold criterion to identify the tearing resistance, characteristic energy for tearing (T) and damage in the specimens was evaluated just at the beginning of the tearing by assuming large strain. A typical type of specimen geometry of thin sheet rubber composite materials was considered under static tensile tests conducted on the smooth and notched specimens with variable depths. In this way, the effects of the plane stress on the damage mechanism are characterized depending on the rubber materials.Findings: In this stage of this research, a finite element analysis (FEA) has been applied under the same conditions of this part in order to obtain the agreement between experimental and FEA results. The numerical modelling is a representation of a previous experimental study. The specimen is stretched more than once its initial size, so that large strains occur. A hyper elastic Mooney-Rivlin law and a Griffith criterion are chosen. The finite elements analysis was performed with ABAQUS code (V.6.4.4). The tearing energy is evaluated with contour integrals. The Griffith criterion states that a notch with an initial length will elongate of a differential length for a given strain state only if the variation of elastic energy is higher than the variation of the surface energy related to the newly created surface.Practical implications: A tearing criterion was suggested in the case of simple tension conditions by assuming large strain. In the next step of this study, a finite element analysis (FEA) will be applied under the same conditions of this part in order to obtain the agreement between experimental and FEA results.Originality/value: This study proposes a threshold criterion for the damage just at the beginning of the tearing for thin sheet rubber composites and gives a detail discussion for explaining the damage mechanisms. Comparison of FEA results with those of experimental studies gives many facilities for the sake of simplicity in industrial application.
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