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Comparision of Physical Activity Levels of People in Different Residential Areas

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Author(s): Ebru ÇUBUKÇU | Rabia ZEYBEK | Nazlı SHAFEI

Journal: Megaron
ISSN 1309-6915

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 82;
Date: 2010;

Keywords: Physical activity | residential areas | preventive medicine | environmental health.

ABSTRACT
This study aims to compare the physical activity level of people residing in traditional residential settings in the city center with those residing in mass housing units on the outskirts of the city. Two settings were selected in Izmir, Turkey; one representing traditional residential inner-city settings and the other representing large-scale housing on the edge of the city. Both were similar in terms of economic and social characteristics. A survey was conducted to determine the residents’ level of physical activity. Forty-five people (23 participants living in the mass housing units, 22 participants residing in traditional apartments) participated in the study. Participants answered questions related to; (1) demographic characteristics; (2) income and education level, household size; (3) identity and belonging to neighborhood; (4) car ownership, usage of public transportation; (5) mode of transportation to satisfy basic needs (travel to work, recreation and shopping); (6) time spent on sports. Results showed that in both settings participants’ demographic characteristics, income and education level, household size, identity and belonging to neighborhood, car ownership and usage of public transportation were similar. However, participants’ physical activity levels were different in the two settings. In the city center more participants reported that they walked rather than drove in order to satisfy their basic needs (transportation to work, recreation and shopping), whereas a greater number of participants living in the mass housing units reported that they relied on automobiles to satisfy basic needs. The findings of this study have applied value in planning and urban design.
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