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Comparison of Diffrent Coagulants Efficiency for Treatment of Hamedan Landfills Leachate Site

Author(s): M.T Samadi | M. H Saghi | M. Shirzad | S. Rahimi | J. Hasanvand

Journal: Iranian Journal of Health and Environment
ISSN 2008-2029

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: landfill leachate site | Alum/PAC | Ferrous Sulfate | Hamedan

"n "n "nBackgrounds and Objectives:In Iran , indicated that the municipal landfill leachate has been one of the major problem for environment. In the operations, leachate treatment is a very difficult and expensive process. Although, young leachate can be treated easily by biological treatment, COD removal efficiency are usually low due to high ammonium ion content and the presence of toxic compounds such as metal ions. Treatment of leachate is necessary.The aim of this study is reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demond (COD) and Total Suspended Solids (TSS) from hamedan city sanitary landfill leachate by three coagulants: alum, PAC and ferrous sulfate."nMaterials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of treatment of landfill leachate by a coagulation-flocculation process. The effects of different amounts of coagulant and different pH values on the coagulation processes were compared."nResults:Result shown the high efficiency for reduction of CODby PAC in pH=12 and concentration of 2500(mg/l (62.66%), and by alum in pH=12 and concentration of 1000 (mg/l) (60%) , by ferrous sulfate in pH=2 and concentration of 1000 (mg/l) (70.62%). Also result shown the high efficiency for TSS removal by PAC in pH=12 and 2500(mg/l) concentration of PAC was 58.37%, with alum in pH=2 and 1500 (mg/l) concentration of alum was39.14% , by ferrous sulfate in pH=7 and 2500(mg/l) concentration of ferrous sulfate was 35.58%."nConclusion:The best coagulant for COD removal is ferrous sulfate.The physico-chemical process may be used as a useful pretreatment step, especially for fresh leachates, prior to post-treatment (polishing) step for partially stabilized leachates.
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