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Composition, abundance, distribution and seasonality of larval fishes in the Sundays Estuary, South Africa

Author(s): K Sutherland | Nadine Strydom | T.H. Wooldridge

Journal: African Zoology
ISSN 1562-7020

Volume: 47;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2013;
Original page

The larval fish assemblage was studied in the permanently open Sundays Estuary on the south-east coast of South Africa.  Seasonal samples were collected between winter 2007 and autumn 2009 at eight sites along the estuary by means of boat-based plankton tows using two modified WP2 nets.  Salinity ranged from 1.5 - 36.5 and temperature from 11.6 - 26.8ºC during the study period.  A total of 8174 larval and early juvenile fishes were caught, representing 12 families and 23 taxa.  The Clupeidae, Gobiidae and Blenniidae were the numerically dominant fish families.  Common species included Gilchristella aestuaria (Clupeidae), Omobranchus woodi (Blenniidae), Caffrogobius gilchristi, Glossogobius callidus (Gobiidae), Liza dumerilii, and Myxus capensis (Mugilidae).  Catches varied significantly between seasons, but not between sites and salinity zones within the estuary.  Highest catches were recorded in summer (mean of 464 and 928 larvae per 100m3 in 2008 and 2009 respectively).  Species diversity also varied seasonally, with highest diversity occurring during summer.  Highest larval fish density occurred in the euhaline zone while the oligohaline zone supported the highest diversity.  Estuarine resident species (Category I) dominated the system (91%).  The preflexion stage of development dominated the catches suggesting a high degree of local production in the Sundays Estuary.  Larval sizes of the estuarine resident G. aestuaria and catadromous species M. capensis tended to increase towards the middle and upper reaches of the estuary.  Important variables regulating larval fish dynamics in the Sundays Estuary included salinity, temperature and turbidity.
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