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Comprehensive Evaluation of Population, Resource, Environment and Economy in Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China

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Author(s): Zi Tang

Journal: Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN 2042-4868

Volume: 5;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 1079;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Economy | environment | Heilongjiang province | population | principal component analysis | resource

ABSTRACT
This study established a comprehensive appraisement indicators system of population, resource, environment and economy in Heilongjiang Province of China suffering from depletion of resource and degradation of environment. This study evaluated the development index of each subsystem from 1997 to 2010 by using the method of principal component analysis. The results revealed that each subsystem has an increasing tendency in different degrees in general, while showed obvious fluctuant characteristic. Population subsystem and economy subsystem ascended obviously, especially the economy subsystem. Environment subsystem showed the characteristic of phase. Compared to other subsystems, resource subsystem changed slowly. The conclusion indicates that the population quality, environment protection and economy development have made remarkable progress, but the comprehensive utilization efficiency of resources still is very low, which has become the bottleneck for the harmonious development of between population, resource, environment and economy in Heilongjiang Province.
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