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Computational Study on a PTAS for Planar Dominating Set Problem

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Author(s): Marjan Marzban | Qian-Ping Gu

Journal: Algorithms
ISSN 1999-4893

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: dominating set problem | PTAS | branch-decomposition based algorithms | planar graphs | computational study

ABSTRACT
The dominating set problem is a core NP-hard problem in combinatorial optimization and graph theory, and has many important applications. Baker [JACM 41,1994] introduces a k-outer planar graph decomposition-based framework for designing polynomial time approximation scheme (PTAS) for a class of NP-hard problems in planar graphs. It is mentioned that the framework can be applied to obtain an O(2ckn) time, c is a constant, (1+1/k)-approximation algorithm for the planar dominating set problem. We show that the approximation ratio achieved by the mentioned application of the framework is not bounded by any constant for the planar dominating set problem. We modify the application of the framework to give a PTAS for the planar dominating set problem. With k-outer planar graph decompositions, the modified PTAS has an approximation ratio (1 + 2/k). Using 2k-outer planar graph decompositions, the modified PTAS achieves the approximation ratio (1+1/k) in O(22ckn) time. We report a computational study on the modified PTAS. Our results show that the modified PTAS is practical.
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