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Construction of Formal Ontology on Computer

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Author(s): Yelda FIRAT | Yılmaz KILIÇASLAN | Özlem UÇAR

Journal: Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi
ISSN 2146-5959

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 080;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Formal ontology | Formal concept analysis | Information technologies | Semantic structures

ABSTRACT
From a general point of view, the defined reality models by using a formal language are called formal ontology. These general purposeful models can be also used in the special fields of application. Because ontologies are large-scale by their nature, they have the potential of hosting errors and deficiencies in case they are generated by human labor. Besides, an ontology formed such a way will be difficult to be adapted to a application specific. In this study, an application of a computerized formal ontology formation saved from probable problems which are likely to arise using human labor will be introduced. In the application, semantic analysis of Turkish has been targetted as a special application field using corpus-based marking method in the framework of formal concept analysis. Beside the applications of these kinds of natural language processing formal ontologies are used considerably in the field of education as they present the information in the way of semantic structures clearly and meaningfully. The most important reasons of this are the use of the information technologies such as expansion of constructivist approach and the concept maps used for educational reasons.
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