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A Contemporary Consideration of Transformative Leadership

Author(s): James O. McDowelle

Journal: Journal of Curriculum and Instruction
ISSN 1937-3929

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: transformative leadership

Although the term transformational leadership was introduced by Downton (1973), the concept did not gain credibility and wide acceptance until the publication of the book Leadership by James Macgregor Burns (1978). Burns, a University of Maryland professor, said that “transformational leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of morality” (p. 20). Burns contrasted transformational leadership with transactional leadership, defining transactional leadership as encompassing those transactions that occur when leaders give rewards in exchange for specific behavior by followers. Followers working strictly for a paycheck exemplify transactional leadership. In contrast, transformational leadership involves the transformation of the attitudes, motivations, and behaviors of both leaders and followers (Jackson & Parry, 2008).

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