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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems: A Review

Author(s): Sandeep Kumar Vashist

Journal: Diagnostics
ISSN 2075-4418

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 385;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: continuous glucose monitoring systems | diabetes management | invasive | non-invasive

There have been continuous advances in the field of glucose monitoring during the last four decades, which have led to the development of highly evolved blood glucose meters, non-invasive glucose monitoring (NGM) devices and continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS). Glucose monitoring is an integral part of diabetes management, and the maintenance of physiological blood glucose concentration is the only way for a diabetic to avoid life-threatening diabetic complications. CGMS have led to tremendous improvements in diabetic management, as shown by the significant lowering of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in adults with type I diabetes. Most of the CGMS have been minimally-invasive, although the more recent ones are based on NGM techniques. This manuscript reviews the advances in CGMS for diabetes management along with the future prospects and the challenges involved.
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