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Control of a Stand-Alone Variable Speed Wind Energy Supply System †

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Author(s): Mahmoud M. Hussein | Tomonobu Senjyu | Mohamed Orabi | Mohamed A. A. Wahab | Mohamed M. Hamada

Journal: Applied Sciences
ISSN 2076-3417

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 437;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: stand-alone variable speed wind system | permanent magnet synchronous generator | DC-link voltage | controlled output voltage

ABSTRACT
This paper presents a simple control strategy for the operation of a variable speed stand-alone wind turbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). The PMSG is connected to a three phase resistive load through a switch mode rectifier and a voltage source inverter. Control of the generator side converter is used to achieve maximum power extraction from the available wind power. Control of the DC-DC bidirectional buck-boost converter, which is connected between batteries bank and DC-link voltage, is used to maintain the DC-link voltage at a constant value. It is also used to make the batteries bank stores the surplus of wind energy and supplies this energy to the load during a wind power shortage. The load side voltage source inverter uses a relatively complex vector control scheme to control the output load voltage in terms of amplitude and frequency. The control strategy works under wind speed variation as well as with variable load. Extensive simulation results have been performed using MATLAB/SIMULINK.
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