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Coronary Artery Disease and Its Risk Factors Status in Iran: A Review

Author(s): M Ebrahimi | SMR Kazemi-Bajestani | M Ghayour-Mobarhan | GAA Ferns

Journal: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
ISSN 1561-4395

Volume: 13;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 610;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Coronary artery disease | Prevalence | Risk factors | Metabolic syndrome | Iran

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability in the world.The high prevalence and morbidity associated with CAD in Iran is one of the most pressing health problems.Methods: We have reviewed the status of CAD and prevalence of its traditional and novel risk factors based onthe published papers in recent years that may have an impact on the rate of CAD in Iran. Evaluation of currentimpact of metabolic syndrome in Iran was the other aim of this review, as it contributes to pathogenesis of coronaryartery disease. We reviewed all PubMed indexed related studies. Some evidences from national articleswhich were published by the Ministry Of Health and Medical Education Research Council Certified Medical Journalsof Islamic Republic of Iran were also included.Results: The prevalence of CAD, coronary risk factors and metabolic syndrome in Iran is higher than Westerncountries and similar to some Middle East countries. There are limited data with regard to novel coronary riskfactors in Iran.Conclusion: Primary and secondary prevention of CAD including life style modifications and dietary interventionsstrongly recommended in Iranian population.
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