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Current Opinions in Pediatric Septic Shock

Author(s): José Irazuzta | Kevin J. Sullivan

Journal: Journal of Pediatric Sciences
ISSN 1309-1247

Volume: 1;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: septic shock | pediatric intensive care | fluid resuscitation | hemodynamic support | corticosteroids

Objectives: Our aim is to describe the current clinical practice related to the management of septic shock (SS). Methods: Review of medical literature using the MEDLINE database. Articles were selected according to their relevancy to the objective and according to the author’s opinion. Summary of the findings: The outcome from SS is dependent on an early recognition and a sequential implementation of time-sensitive goal-directed therapies. The goals of the resuscitation are rapid restoration of micro circulation and improved organ tissue perfusion. Clinical and laboratory markers are needed to assess the adequacy of the treatments. Initial resuscitation involves the use of isotonic solutions (>60ml/kg) either crystalloid (normal saline) or colloid infusion often followed by vasoactive medications. Altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics responses dictate that vasoactive agents should be adjusted to achieve predetermined goals. An assessment of central venous pressure complements clinical and serological findings to tailor therapies. Elective airway instrumentation and mechanical ventilation as well as adjunctive therapy with stress dose of corticosteroid are indicated in selected populations. In neonates, a special attention to the presence of electrolyte imbalance and increase pulmonary vascular resistance needs to be considered early. Conclusions: Septic shock hemodynamic is a changing process that requires frequent assessment and therapeutic adjustments.
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