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Cytomegalovirus Disease Amongst Renal Transplant Recipients in Australia and New Zealand

Author(s): H. Seale | D.E. Dwyer | J.R. Chapman | C.R. MacIntyre

Journal: Virology : Research and Treatment
ISSN 1178-122X

Volume: 1;
Start page: 65;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: renal transplantation | cytomegalovirus | epidemiology | seroprevalence | hospitalization | Australia | New Zealand

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a significant pathogen causing disease in renal transplant patients. The highest incidence of CMV disease occurs during the first 3 months post-transplant and is most problematic in CMV-naïve transplant recipients. In this study, we conducted a retrospective review of two databases, the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) and the National Hospital Morbidity Database, from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), to examine CMV in renal transplant recipients. The first source looked at CMV serostatus at the time of transplantation and the second recorded hospital admissions for recipients with invasive CMV disease.From the ANZDATA registry, we obtained information from 13,530 renal transplants recipients from 1980 to 2004. Of these recipients, 7808 had a known CMV serostatus, of which 65.7% (5134/7808) had a positive sero antibody status and 34.2% (2674/7808) had a negative sero antibody status. In univariate analysis, factors significantly associated with renal rejection were being male, recipient age 50 years, being diabetic, being diagnosed with cancer at some point and having a positive EBV status. Positive CMV serostatus was not a contributing factor. Between 1993 and 2001 there were 1445 renal transplant recipients hospitalized in Australia with a diagnosis of CMV disease, of which 38% (554/1445) had CMV disease as a principal diagnoses. The average annual rate of admissions with any diagnosis was 3871 episodes per 100,000 people living with a functioning graft.Preventative strategies for CMV in renal transplant recipients should be a priority. New vaccines for CMV may soon be available and renal transplant recipients would be a suitable target group for vaccination.
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