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DAVID HUME AND THE CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF EMPIRICISM

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Author(s): IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

Journal: Agathos : an International Review of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 2069-1025

Volume: III;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 32;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: David Hume | John Locke | empiricism | causality problem

ABSTRACT
The research is related to David Hume. This philosopher is described as being an empiricist, but it should be noted that the empiricism promoted by Hume represents the development up to the final consequences of this philosophical doctrine that should be subjected to the observability requirement. The core problem for Hume’s philosophy is the difficulty of causality thinking. The Scottish philosopher promotes a moderate and inconsistent skepticism because he does not doubt the permanency of facts. The Humean epistemology is mixed with elements belonging to some naïve ontology of a materialistic nature and with elements of a sensualistic psychology of an associationist type. The causality or the causal connection between events is based on a psychological belief, which has a pragmatic end for people, in that it offers us the psychological comfort of habitual events and the familiar existential. Causality refers to certain events that have already happened in a certain way, but it cannot constitute a necessary and sufficient basis for similar future events.
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