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Demonstration of Cauchy: Understanding Algebraic

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Author(s): T.L. Costa, L.A. Palaro

Journal: Scientific Electronic Archives
ISSN 2316-9281

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 20;
Date: 2012;

Keywords: History of Mathematics | Euler's Theorem on Polyhedra | Demonstration of Cauchy

ABSTRACT
In this study we present some considerations about the End of Course Work undergraduate Full Degree in Mathematics / UFMT, drafted in 2011, and by taking title "A story about Cauchy and Euler's theorem on polyhedra" that gave birth to our research project Master of Education, begun in 2012, on the approaches of Euler's theorem on polyhedra in mathematics textbooks. At work in 2011 presented some considerations about the history of Euler's theorem for polyhedra which focus the demonstration presented by Cauchy (1789-1857), who tries to generalize it, relying on assumptions not observable in Euclidean geometry. Therefore, we seek the accessible literature on the history of mathematics; relate some aspects of the demonstration Cauchy with historical events on the development of mathematics in the nineteenth century, which allowed the acceptance of such a demonstration by mathematicians of his time.
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