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Depot medroxyprogesterone injectable contraception at the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo

Author(s): Abasiattai Aniekan | Udoma Edem | Ukeme E

Journal: Annals of African Medicine
ISSN 1596-3519

Volume: 9;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate | acceptors | injectable contraception | Uyo

Background: Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate is the most studied injectable contraceptive and also one of the most effective methods of contraception currently available. It is reversible, its use is independent of intercourse, and can be provided by trained non-medical staff making it particularly suitable for use in developing countries. The aim of this study is to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of its acceptors, the timing of use and complications at the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo. Materials and Methods: The record cards of all clients who accepted medroxyprogesterone acetate injectable contraception over a nine-year period were studied. Results: There were 1065 new contraceptive acceptors out of which 166 (15.1%) accepted depot medroxyprogesterone acetate. The modal age group of the clients was 30-34 years (35.0%). Majority of clients were grandmultiparous (63.9%), married (82.0%), and 50.6% had primary level education. Majority of the clients (84.2%) derived their sources of information on contraception from clinic personnel and friends/relatives. All the clients received their injections within seven days of menstruation. The most common side effects were amenorrhea (12.0%) and spotting of blood per vaginam (10.8%). Conclusion: Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate is a safe form of contraception, which was mostly accepted by grandmultiparous women and those in their thirties. The involvement of the print and electronic media in the propagation of accurate information about depot medroxprogesterone acetate to members of the community and the introduction of post-abortal and puerperal administrations of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and its new formulation; depo sub-Q provera in all our hospitals are advocated.
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