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A deriva semântica de termos ligados a destino=The semantics fluctuation of the terms related to ‘destiny’

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Author(s): Paulo Mosânio Teixeira Duarte | Maria Claudete Lima

Journal: Acta Scientiarum : Language and Culture
ISSN 1983-4675

Volume: 34;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 187;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: polissemia | restrição de sentido | ampliação de sentido | elipse | axiologia | polysemy | sense restriction | sense amplification | ellypsis | axiology

ABSTRACT
Este artigo trata da flutuação semântica de termos ligados à noção de ‘destino’, como ‘acidente, fatalidade, sorte’, entre outros. O objetivo principal é analisar as mudanças semânticas a partir da abordagem pragmática e histórica de Michel Bréal. Partimos de uma breve incursão teórica sobre o autor, no que concerne às bases em que constrói sua semântica, com o fim de discutir as noções de restrição e ampliação de sentido e suas relações com a intensão e extensão de sentido e a polissemia. Ao final, analisamos cada termo, acompanhado de derivados e lexias compostas e textuais, incluindo exemplos diversos, entre os quais, de música popular e de textos literários.This paper deals with the semantics fluctuationof the terms related to the notion of ‘destiny’, as ‘acidente, fatalidade, sorte’, among other words semantically related. The main objective is to analyze the semantic changes taking as start point Michel Breal’s historical and pragmatical approaches. So we base our points of view on a brief theoretical incursion about the author, concerning his philosophical and psychological foundations upon which he builds his semantics theory. We discuss the notions of restriction and amplification of meaning, and the relationship of these terms with the logical terms, intension and extension, and polysemy. At the end, we analyze each term, with its derivatives and composed and textual lexies, including examples of popular music and literary texts.
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