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Describing head shapes of white stem borers (Schirpophaga innotata Walker) that are able to survive on different rice types using Landmark based geometric morphometrics

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Author(s): Queenilyn B. Albutra | Mark Anthony J. Torres | Cesar G. Demayo

Journal: Extreme Life, Biospeology & Astrobiology
ISSN 2066-7671

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Schirpophaga innotata | Landmark based geometric morphometric analysis | Relative warp analysis | MANOVA

ABSTRACT
Rice stem borers are considered as the most serious insect pest of rice in Asia. It infects itsplant host by burrowing into the stem using its mandible. However, apart from the mandible, the head ofrice stem borers is also associated in the incursion process since it facilitates the entry of larvae to the riceplant. Differences in the head capsules have a direct effect on the ability of the insects to ingest hardfoods rapidly. Different rice varieties in the Philippines serve as plant host for this pest and infestationoccurred in different geographical location. Variations in habitat and plant host were thought to generateenvironmental variation in morphometric traits and host adapted herbivore phenotype respectively.Landmark based geometric morphometric analysis was used to assess the hypothesis that the head shapeof white stem borer differ between populations with respect to different rice varieties and geographicallocation where it was obtained. Relative warp analysis showed variation in the head shape betweendifferent white stem borer (Schirpophaga innotata Walker) populations infesting different varieties of rice.Non-significant head shape variations were obtained between geographically separated populations. Theseresults indicate that the rice host varieties play an important role in the selection of individuals that areable to counteract the resistance factors in plants.
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