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Design considerations for tropical forest inventories

Author(s): Ronald Edward McRoberts | Erkki Olavi Tomppo | Alexander Christian Vibrans | Joberto Veloso de Freitas

Journal: Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
ISSN 1809-3647

Volume: 33;
Issue: 74;
Start page: 189;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Sampling design | Plot configuration | Remote sensing | Uncertainty

Forests contribute substantially to maintaining the global greenhouse gas balance, primarily because among the five economic sectors identified by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, only the forestry sector has the potential to remove greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere. In this context, development of national forest carbon accounting systems, particularly in countries with tropical forests, has emerged as an international priority. Because these systems are often developed as components of or in parallel with national forest inventories, a brief review of statistical issues related to the development of forest ground sampling designs is provided. This overview addresses not only the primary issues of plot configurations and sampling designs, but also to a lesser extent the emerging roles of remote sensing and uncertainty assessment. Basic inventory principles are illustrated for two case studies, the national forest inventory of Brazil with special emphasis on the state of Santa Catarina, and an inventory for Tanzania.
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