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Determination of bacterial viability by selective capture using surface-bound siderophores

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Author(s): Mark L. Wolfenden | Rama M. Sakamuri | Aaron S. Anderson | Lakshman Prasad | Jurgen G. Schmidt | Harshini Mukundan

Journal: Advances in Biological Chemistry
ISSN 2162-2183

Volume: 02;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 396;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Siderophores | Viability Detection | Desferrioxamine | Fluorescence Microscopy | Self-Assembled Monolayers

ABSTRACT
A significant challenge in bacterial detection is the identification of viable bacteria over debris, specifically post decontamination. Of increasing concern are antibiotic resistant strains that require accurate and rapid post decontamination analysis. Current strategies are fraught with disadvantages and most of them are not selective for viable bacteria. However, bacteria are critically dependent upon iron sequestration, synthesizing and releasing siderophores (SDPs) to tightly bind iron, with the subsequent uptake of iron bound SDPs. This is a highly conserved process that occurs only in intact bacteria. Herein we report a facile method to use bacterial SDPs to selectively and rapidly identify only viable bacteria in complex matrices, and discriminate them from their dead counterparts. Desferrioxamine B (Desf B) tethered to a glass slide is used to specifically capture viable bacteria from a mixture of viable and dead Escherichia coli, as demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy. We re- port both direct conjugation of Desf B on thin-film-coated glass slides as well as biotin-streptavidin conjugation strategies, both of which are successful in the said goal. We have analyzed the density of images obtained upon fluorescence staining using edge detection with a Canny edge detector. This novel application of a software analysis tool originally developed for satellite imaging to biological staining allows for accurate quantitation of observed data.
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