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Determination of Tolerance Level of Some Wheat Genotypes to Post-Anthesis Drought

Author(s): Emre ILKER | Ozgur TATAR | Fatma AYKUT TONK | Muzaffer TOSUN

Journal: Turkish Journal of Field Crops
ISSN 1301-1111

Volume: 16;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Stress indices | post anthesis | TOL | SSI | STI | Triticum aestivum L.

Drought, especially after anthesis, is one of the major abiotic stress factors limiting wheat production inMediterranean basin. Tolerance level of seven wheat genotypes to drought conditions in post anthesis stage wereevaluated based on some tolerance indices in four years field experiments differing in rainfall distribution andquantity. Six selection indices including Relative Decrease in Yield (RDY), Stress Tolerance Index (TOL), MeanProductivity (MP), Geometric Mean Productivity (GMP), Stress Susceptibility Index (SSI) and Stress ToleranceIndex (STI) were calculated based on grain yield under dry and wet conditions. Higher grain yield was recorded in Basribey-95 during both dry and wet seasons whereas Menemen-88 had considerably lower yield than other genotypes. It was concluded that MP, GMP and STI values were convenient parameters to select high yielding wheatgenotypes in both stress and non-stress conditions whereas RDY, TOL and SSI values were better indices to determine tolerance levels.
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