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Development of a core collection of Triticum and Aegilops species for improvement of wheat for activity against chronic diseases

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Author(s): Santra Meenakshi | Matthews Shawna B | Thompson Henry J

Journal: Agriculture & Food Security
ISSN 2048-7010

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 4;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Aegilops | Anticancer activity | Cancer | Core collection | Triticum | Wheat germplasm

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background The objective of this study was to develop a core collection of Triticum and Aegilops species as a resource for the identification and characterization of wheat lines with preventive activity against chronic diseases. Given that cancer is the leading cause of mortality in the world and shares risk factors with obesity, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, and given that wheat has been reported to protect against these diseases, the core collection was developed based on cancer prevalence. Methods The Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) database was used to identify Triticum and Aegilops species grown in regions of the world that vary in cancer prevalence based on the International Agency for Cancer Research GLOBOCAN world map of cancer statistics (2008). Cancer incidence data drove variety selection with secondary consideration of ploidy, center of origin, and climate. Results Analysis indicated that the geographic regions from which wheat is considered to have originated have a lower incidence of cancer than other geographic regions (P
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