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Double Diffusive Mixed Convection Heat Transfer inside a Vented Square Cavity

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Author(s): Sumon Saha | Mohammad Nasim Hasan | Iftheker Ahmed Khan

Journal: Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin
ISSN 0379-7678

Volume: 13;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 17;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Double diffusive mixed convection | Vented cavity | Finite element

ABSTRACT
A numerical study has been carried out for laminar double-diffusive mixed convection in a two-dimensional vented square cavity with discrete heat and contaminant sources applied on the bottom wall. An external air flow enters the cavity through an opening located at the bottom of the left vertical wall and exits from an opening located at the three different positions of the opposite wall. The developed mathematical model is governed by the two-dimensional continuity, momentum, energy, and concentration equations. The governing equations, written in non-dimensional form are solved by using Galerkin finite element method with triangular grid discretization system. The Reynolds number is fixed at 100 and the working fluid is considered as air. Numerical simulations are carried out for different combinations of the thermal Grashof numbers and results are presented in terms of streamlines, temperature and concentration distributions. The results indicate that the average Nusselt and Sherwood numbers on the heat and contaminant sources strongly depend on the positioning of the exit opening.Keywords: double diusive mixed convection, vented cavity, finite elementDOI = 10.3329/cerb.v13i1.2512 Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 13 (2009) 17-24
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