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Drugs for the treatment of malaria in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Author(s): Alexis Nzila | Ibrahim Al-Zahrani

Journal: Saudi Medical Journal
ISSN 0379-5284

Volume: 34;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 569;
Date: 2013;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Current malaria treatments are based on the use of artemisinin based combinations. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the combination of pyrimethamine/sulfadoxine/artesunate is the first line of treatment of uncomplicated malaria, while lumefantrine/artemether (CoartemĀ®) is used as a second option. The treatment of severe malaria rests on the use of quinine or artesunate. In Saudi Arabia, most cases of malaria are imported, mainly from emigrant workers from the Indian subcontinent and the Eastern part of Africa. As a result, most parasites might have been exposed to antimalarials prior to coming to the country. Thus, knowledge of the pattern of resistance to these drugs outside the country could contribute to better management of the disease. In this review, we have summarized our current knowledge on the efficacy and resistance patterns of currently used antimalarials. Alternative treatments that could be used against malaria in the Kingdom are also discussed.Ā 
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