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Dual-wavelength aerosol vertical profile measurements by MAX-DOAS at Tsukuba, Japan

Author(s): H. Irie | Y. Kanaya | H. Akimoto | H. Iwabuchi | A. Shimizu | K. Aoki

Journal: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
ISSN 1680-7316

Volume: 9;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 2741;
Date: 2009;
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We present vertical profiles of the aerosol extinction coefficient retrieved from ground-based Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements at Tsukuba, Japan (36.1° N, 140.1° E), from November 2006 to March 2007. Retrievals utilizing absorption by the oxygen collision complex O4 are first made at two wavelengths, 354 and 476 nm. A robust assessment of the MAX-DOAS aerosol data is then made using coincident lidar measurements throughout the period. Agreement between aerosol extinction coefficients measured by MAX-DOAS and the lidar tends to be better at the longer wavelength and at lower altitudes. At 476 nm, the best agreement, to within 30%, is found at altitudes of 0–1 km, confirming results from a literature assessment for a two-month measurement period. These findings are supported by comparisons between aerosol optical depths derived from MAX-DOAS and sky radiometer measurements and are further explained by differences in the altitude-dependent measurement sensitivity to the aerosol extinction coefficient between 354 and 476 nm. Thus, uncertainty in MAX-DOAS aerosol measurements is well quantified and characterized, providing a basis for quantitative studies using MAX-DOAS measurements.

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