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Effect of the bentonite application on the cadmium mobility in an Argisol

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Author(s): Gilvanise Alves Tito | Lúcia Helena Garófalo Chaves | Hugo Orlando Carvallo Guerra

Journal: Ambiente e Água : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science
ISSN 1980-993X

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: heavy metal | miscible displacement | clay mineral

ABSTRACT
Aiming to evaluate the effect of doses of bentonite (0, 30 and 60 t ha-1) in the mobility of cadmium on an Argisol, tests of mobility in soil columns with different cadmium concentrations (50, 250 and 450 mg kg-1 of soil) and steady state flux, were conducted, determining its flux density and percolation velocity. The cadmium was dislocated by pulse, the solution containing the cadmium initially infiltrated into the soil for a given time period and afterwards the soil was lixiviated with distilled water. Leachates were collected every 10 minutes during 80 minutes of water percolation. The solutions percolated, expressed in pore volumes, were 6.33, 2.28 and 1.93 for the 0, 30 and 60 t ha-1 of bentonite, respectively, being one pore volume equal to 1.22 cm3. The concentration of cadmium was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. At the end of the experiment, the columns were dismounted and the concentrations of cadmium in the soil at different depths (0-10, 10-20, 20-30 e 30-40 cm) were also determined. The results showed that the flux density and velocity of water percolation of the water solution were significantly reduced by the addition of bentonite to the soil. The levels of cadmium in the soil did not affect these mobility parameters. Increasing doses of bentonite favored the adsorption of cadmium in the soil.
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