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Effect of high level differential heating on failure of encapsulated Chips and Semiconductors

Author(s): Ashraf Balabel | Ismail Sakr

Journal: CFD Letters
ISSN 2180-1363

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 54;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Chips encapsulation | numerical simulation | thermocapillary convection | turbulent flow | level set method | two-layer system

Chip encapsulation on printed circuit boards (PCB) requires an accurate amount of encapsulation material to protect the chip in semiconductor packaging. Encapsulationmaterials are usually made of epoxy but sometimes other materials are used, like silicones.The study of convective flows and heat transfers in such systems of immiscible liquid layershas a great potential. In the current investigation, the failure criteria of the encapsulated chipssubjected to high level of differential heating is numerically defined. The Reynolds-AveragedNavier-Stokes equations along with energy equation are solved on the basis of the controlvolume approach. The level set formulation is applied to smooth the discontinuous propertiesof the encapsulated layers and to predict the dynamics of the separation surface between thetwo layers. The numerical results obtained showed that most of the failure occurs in encapsulated chips and semiconductors are referred to the deformation of the separation surface especially at high level of differential heating.

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