Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Effect of milling and annealing on microstructural, electrical and magnetic properties of electrodeposited Ni-11.3 Fe-1.4w alloy

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Spasojević M. | Ribić-Zelenović L. | Ćirović N. | Spasojević P. | Maričić A.

Journal: Science of Sintering
ISSN 0350-820X

Volume: 44;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 197;
Date: 2012;
VIEW PDF   PDF DOWNLOAD PDF   Download PDF Original page

Keywords: nickel-iron-tungsten alloys | milling | annealing | magnetic properties

ABSTRACT
A nanostructured Ni-11.3Fe-1.4W alloy deposit was obtained from an ammonium citrate bath at a current density of 600 mAcm-2. XRD analysis shows that the deposit contains an amorphous matrix having embedded nanocrystals of the FCC phase of the solid solution of Fe and W in Ni with the average crystal grain size of 8.8 nm. The deposit has a high internal microstrain value and a high minimum density of chaotically distributed dislocations. The effect of milling and annealing of the Ni-11.3Fe-1.4W alloy on electrical and magnetic properties was studied. Structural changes in the alloy take place during both annealing and milling. Upon deposition, the alloy was heated to 420ºC. Heating resulted in structural relaxation which induced a decrease in electrical resistivity and an increase in magnetic permeability of the alloy. Further heating of the alloy at temperatures higher than 4200C led to crystallization which caused a reduction in both electrical resistivity and magnetic permeability. The milling of the alloy for up to 12 hours caused a certain degree of structural relaxation and crystallization of the alloy. The increase in crystal grain size up to 11 nm and the partial structural relaxation induced a decrease in electrical resistivity and an increase in magnetic permeability of the alloy. Heating the powders obtained by milling at 4200C led to complete structural relaxation, reduced electrical resistivity, and increased magnetic permeability. During heating of the powders obtained by milling at temperatures above 420ºC, crystallization and a significant increase in crystal grain size occurred, leading to a reduction in both electrical resistivity and magnetic permeability. The best magnetic properties were exhibited by the alloys milled for 12 hours and annealed thereafter at 420ºC. In these alloys, crystal grains were found to have an optimum size, and complete relaxation took place, resulting in a maximum increase in magnetic permeability. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike SRbije, br. 172057]
RPA Switzerland

RPA Switzerland

Robotic process automation

    

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona